Staying Positive Provides Health Benefits

Importance of Staying Positive

Adult Health Bulletin

Did you know there are actually health benefits to positive thinking? According to research, people have fewer physical complaints if they think positively and reflect on things they are grateful for at least once a week. Staying positive is an important part of mental health.

health benefits from positive thinking

Staying Positive

When you are positive, it does not mean that you should ignore challenges or tough times, rather positive thinking is trying to see the bright side as much as possible. It may take some time and practice to start thinking more positively. Try these tips for living a more positive life:

  • Write down dreams and goals. One way to stay positive is to write down your goals and dreams for the future. By writing them down, you are actually setting the groundwork for reaching your goal. Be detailed about what you want and how you think you can reach that dream or goal.
  • Say thank you. Being thankful and expressing gratitude is an important part of staying positive. You can do this in many ways, such as keeping a journal of things you are grateful for, writing a letter to someone who made a difference in your life, and making an effort to say “thank you” to all people who helped you throughout the week.
  • Avoid worrying. For some people, worrying is part of everyday life. Instead of worrying, try to find a way to solve the problem you are facing. You may also try to distract yourself from worrying if it is something beyond your control.

healthy lifestyle

  • Watch out for all-or-nothing thinking. Remember that if something does not go the way you think it should go, it does not mean that it will always be that way. That one time was that one time. Take steps to have a different outcome if it is something that you can control.
  • Slow down. Sometimes, when things are moving too fast, we get stressed. Lots of stress can lead to negative thinking. If you are feeling stressed — whether that is happening while talking, eating, or even rushing around to get something done — take the time slow down. Slowing down will allow you to think clearly about what you need to do.
  • Eat well and stay active. Did you know that eating unhealthy food and not being active can actually make you feel worse? On the other hand, eating healthy foods and staying active on a regular basis helps improve your mood and general health.

stay positive and eat healthy

It can be hard to develop healthy habits like staying positive. Try some of these different ways to stay positive and see how much better you will feel!

Written by Nicole Peritore, Kentucky Extension Specialist for Family Health. Edited by Connee Wheeler, Senior Extension Specialist, and Lauren State, Oldham County Extension Staff Assistant. Source material from Mental Health America.

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Adult Health Screenings

adult health screenings

Health Screenings

Adult Health Bulletin

Every adult should get screened for illnesses when they visit their healthcare provider. Some screenings can be done right in the provider’s office. There are some screenings that need special equipment and may need to be done at a separate appointment.

General Screenings

  • Diabetes: This illness can cause many problems with your body including, but not limited to: heart, eyes, kidneys, and nerves. You should get screened if you have high blood pressure or take medicine for high blood pressure.
  • Hepatitis C Virus (Hep C): Hep C is an infection of the liver. You should get screened one time for Hep C if you were born between 1945 and 1965 or if you received a blood transfusion before 1992.

High Blood Cholesterol Screening

High blood cholesterol can lead to dangerous disease like heart disease or stroke. Have your blood cholesterol checked regularly with a blood if:

  • You use tobacco.
  • You are overweight or obese.
  • You have a history of heart disease or blocked arteries.
  • Your family has a history of heart disease.

High Blood Pressure Screening

High blood pressure can cause strokes, heart attacks, kidney and eye problems, and heart failure. Your blood pressure should be checked at least every two years.

high blood blood facts

Lung Cancer Screening

You should talk to your healthcare provider about a lung cancer screening if you are between the ages of 55 and 80, smoke now, or have quit within the past 15 years.

Colon Cancer Screening

A person between the ages of 50 and 75 should get a colon cancer screening. This screening can be done in several ways, so talk to your healthcare provider about your options. If your family has a history, you may want to talk to your healthcare provider about getting screened before the age of 50.

Women Specific Screenings

  • Osteoporosis: This test is used to make sure you have strong bones. This screening can also be done in several different ways. Talk to your healthcare provider about getting this screening done.
  • Breast Cancer: A mammogram is the screening test used to detect breast cancer. Talk to your healthcare provider about scheduling a mammogram and how often it is needed.
  • Cervical Cancer: This screening is one that typically starts around the age of 21 and is continued until around the age of 65. Talk to your healthcare provider about the screening called a Pap smear. Your provider may also encourage you to be tested for human papillomavirus, also known as HPV.

health screenings

Screenings are important ways to make sure that you do not have an illness or disease without symptoms. It is important to talk with your healthcare provider to determine which screenings are needed for you.

Written by Nicole Peritore, Kentucky Extension Specialist for Family Health. Edited by Connee Wheeler, Senior Extension Specialist, and Lauren State, Oldham County Extension Staff Assistant. Reference material from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Fall 2017 4-H Events

The following 4-H Youth Development calendar printed in the Fall 2017 edition of the quarterly Oldham County Extension newsletter.

oldham county 4-h calendar

All activities are held at Oldham County Extension unless otherwise noted.

September 4-H Calendar

4 Office closed for Labor Day
5 4-H Club Leader Meeting, 6:30 p.m.
11 Teen Club, 6:00 p.m.
14 Busy 4-H’ers, 6:30 p.m.
16 Challenge Walk, Wendell Moore Park, 9:30 a.m.
16 District 3 Teen Council, Carroll County Extension, 10:00 a.m.
18 Delicious Delights, 6:30 p.m.
19 Extension Foundation, 9:00 a.m.

oldham county 4-h calendar

October 4-H Calendar

5 Leaders of the Pack, 6:30 p.m.
7 Oldham County Dog Show
12 Extension Council, 9:00 a.m.
12 District Board, 10:00 a.m.
12 4-H Council, 7:00 p.m.
13 4-H Reality Store, North Oldham High School
14 Teen Club, haunted house outing
16 Delicious Delights, 6:30 p.m.
30 Busy 4-H’ers, 6:30 p.m.

oldham county 4-h calendar

November 4-H Calendar

9 Leaders of the Pack, 6:30 p.m.
14 Busy 4-H’ers, 6:30 p.m.
20 Delicious Delights, 6:30 p.m.
20 Teen Club, volunteering opportunity
21 4-H Awards Banquet, John Black Center
23-24 Office closed for Thanksgiving

Fall 2017 FCS Events

The following Family & Consumer Science calendar printed in the Fall 2017 edition of the quarterly Oldham County Extension newsletter.

oldham county fcs calendar

All activities are held at Oldham County Extension unless otherwise noted.

September FCS Calendar

4 Office closed for Labor Day
16 Challenge Walk, Wendell Moore Park, 9:30 a.m.
20 Dare to Care Cooking & Nutrition Class, LaGrange Community Center, 1:15 p.m.
25 Come Sew with Us, “Pillow Cases and More,” 3:00 – 8:00 p.m.
26 Senior Health Fair, Oldham County Health Department, 9:00 a.m. – noon
28 Homemaker Lesson, “Dealing Creatively with Conflict,” 10:00 a.m.
30 Autumn Colors Craft Show, LaGrange Community Center, 10:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m.

oldham county fcs calendar

October FCS Calendar

2 Paid reservations for Louisville Area Annual Meeting due
8-14 Celebrate Homemaker Week
10 Perfecting Your Pies, 1:00 p.m.
12 Extension Council, 9:00 a.m.; District Board 10:00 a.m.
17 Homemaker Annual Meeting, Henry County Extension Office, 9:30 a.m.
18 Dare to Care Cooking & Nutrition Class, LaGrange Community Center, 1:15 p.m.
23 Come Sew with Us, “Just Stuff It,” 3:00 – 8:00 p.m.
26 Homemaker Lesson, “Toaster Ovens,” 10:00 a.m.

oldham county fcs calendar

November FCS Calendar

2 Homemaker Holiday Showcase: An Old Fashioned Holiday, 10:00 a.m. – noon
13 Come Sew with Us, “Holiday Ideas,” 3:00 p.m.
15 Dare to Care Cooking & Nutrition Class, LaGrange Community Center, 1:15 p.m.
17 Louisville Area Diabetes Awareness Day, Shelby County Extension Office, 10:00 a.m.
23-24 Office closed for Thanksgiving
30 Homemaker dues and enrollment due to extension office

Fall 2017 Ag Events

The following Agriculture & Natural Resources calendar printed in the Fall 2017 edition of the quarterly Oldham County Extension newsletter.

oldham county agriculture calendar

All activities are held at the Oldham County Extension office unless otherwise noted. Please call to RSVP for classes held at extension offices.

September Ag Calendar

1 Master Gardener classes begin
4 Office closed for Labor Day
7 Growing Daylilies, sponsored by the Oldham County Master Gardener Association, 6:30 p.m.
8 Oldham County Beekeepers Association, 7:30 p.m.
11 Green Thumbs Garden Club, carpool leaves extension office at 8:30 a.m.
16 Oldham County Master Gardener Association meeting, 9:00 a.m.
16 Indoor Tilapia, Shrimp, & Aquaponics, Kentucky State University, 9:00 a.m. – 3:00 p.m., details/RSVP via kathryn.mitchell@kysu.edu
19 Extension Foundation, 9:00 a.m.
25 Regional Beef Field Day, Todd Rand Farm, Bedford
27-28 Kentucky Grazing School, Versailles, Kentucky

oldham county agriculture calendar

October Ag Calendar

5 Landscaping for All Seasons, Oldham County Arts Center, sponsored by Oldham County Community Education, 6:00 p.m.
9 Green Thumbs Garden Club, contact office for details
12 Extension Council, 9:00 a.m.
12 Extension District Board, 10:00 a.m.
13 Oldham County Beekeepers Association, 7:30 p.m.
17 Kentucky Grazing Conference, Lexington
19 Beef Quality Assurance Training/Certification, 6:00 p.m.
23 Monarchs in Mexico, Creasey Mahan Nature Preserve, sponsored by the Oldham County Master Gardener Association, 6:30 p.m.

oldham county agriculture calendar

November Ag Calendar

9 Beef Quality Assurance Training/Certification, 9:00 a.m.
10 Oldham County Beekeepers Association, 7:30 p.m.
13 Green Thumbs Garden Club, contact office for details
17 Master Gardener Graduation Celebration, 9:00 a.m.
23-24 Office closed for Thanksgiving

Oldham County 4-H Competes in Summer Events

The following Oldham County 4-H articles printed in the Fall 2017 edition of the quarterly Oldham County Extension newsletter.

Oldham County 4-H’ers Compete

State 4-H Communications Event

The State Communications Event was held on July 9 on the University of Kentucky’s campus in Lexington. Oldham County was well represented by the following 4-H members:

Maggie Anderson’s Junior Foods Demonstration “How to Make Tater Tot Chicken Pie” won a blue ribbon.

Sarah Griffin won a red ribbon for her Senior Arts and Crafts Demonstration “How to Make String Art.”

Kendall Kennedy received a red ribbon for her Junior Arts and Crafts Demonstration titled “How to Make a Fleece Tie Quilt.”

In the 11-year-old division, Sam Ray’s speech “Schools Should Not Require Uniforms” earned a blue ribbon.

oldham county 4-h competition

4-H Fashion Revue Results

On Wednesday, August 2, Mt. Tabor United Methodist Church hosted the 2017 4-H Fashion Revue. This year’s participants included Maggie Anderson, Sarah Griffin, Chris Harris, Emily Harris, and Rachel Harris. Sarah Griffin received the Senior Fashion Magic Champion Award and the Senior Sewing Champion Award. Rachel Harris earned the Junior Fashion Magic Champion Award and the Junior Sewing Champion Award. Great job, Oldham County 4-H’ers!

oldham 4-H horse competition

Ballardsville High Riders Excel at Summer Events

Kentucky 4-H Horse Contest

The Kentucky 4-H Horse Contest was held in Lexington on June 15 and 16. Congratulations to the following members for their accomplishments:

Harper Ash, Peyton Ash, Sydney Cobb, Caroline Olds, and Ella Olds formed the Oldham County 4-H Junior Horse Bowl Team, placing 2nd in the Junior Horse Bowl.

The Junior Hippology Team — comprising Sydney Cobb, Caroline Olds, and Ella Olds — placed 2nd in the Junior Hippology Contest, 1st in the team written exam, 3rd in team stations, and 5th in team judging.

In Junior Original Art, Caroline Olds took 1st place, and Ella Olds placed 3rd.

oldham 4-H horse competition

Kentucky 4-H State Horse Show

From July 2 through 8, the State Fairgrounds in Louisville hosted the Kentucky 4-H State Horse Show. Congratulations to the following Oldham County 4-H’ers for their accomplishments at the state show:

Harper Ash placed 5th in Walk-Trot Cross Rails; 5th in Hunter Under Saddle, Walk-Trot; 6th in Hunter Equitation, Walk-Trot; 6th in Walk-Trot Dressage; and 10th in Showmanship, Age Division I.

Peyton Ash earned 2nd place in Hunter Equitation, Walk-Trot; 4th in Walk-Trot Cross Rails; 4th in Hunter Under Saddle, Walk-Trot; and 5th in Walk-Trot Dressage.

Maya Bourke took 3rd place in 18-inch Cross Rails; 4th in Hunter Equitation, Walk-Trot; and 8th in Hunter Under Saddle, Walk-Trot.

oldham 4-H horse competition

Hunter Fackler received 1st place in Open Invitation Miniature Halter; 1st in Miniature Pleasure Driving, Junior Division; and 2nd in Open Invitation Miniature Pleasure Driving.

Tori Winn won 2nd place in Dressage Training, Level 3; 2nd in Hunt Seat Equitation, Age Division III; 4th in Dressage Equitation, Senior; and 4th in Hunter Under Saddle, Age Division III.

Everyone who participated in the 2017 District and State Horse Shows deserves a big round of applause!

For more information regarding the 4-H horse program, contact the Oldham County Extension Office. To qualify for participation in horse related competitive events, 4-H members must complete equine educational requirements and be registered with the extension office by April 15, 2018.

State 4-H Dog Show

On August 12 and 13, the Kentucky State 4-H Dog Show was held at the Kentucky Exposition Center in Louisville. Congratulations to the seven Oldham County 4-H participants:

Will Barber and Sassy placed 2nd in Novice Showmanship.

oc 4-h dog competition

Rebekah Degnan and Jasper earned 2nd place in Obedience (Sub Novice B), Agility II, and Gambler’s Choice. Rebekah also received 2nd in 4-H Dog Judging (Senior Division).

Beth Huffman and Swanky took 1st in Open Showmanship (Age 17-18).

oc 4-h dog competition

Anna Laverty and Oscar received 3rd in Obedience (Graduate Beginner).

Carrie Olds and Houdie were 1st in Open Showmanship (Age 11-12).

Ella Olds and Tess won 2nd place in Masters Showmanship (Age 13-14). Ella also placed 1st in 4-H Dog Judging (Junior Division).

Audrey Roberts and Glory took 1st place in Novice Showmanship (Age 11-12).

Oldham County 4-H also received the 2017 Michele Reilly Dedication Award. Excellent work, 4-H’ers!

oc 4-h dog competition

Written by Amy Logsdon, Oldham County 4-H Assistant; and Lauren State Fernandez, Oldham County Extension Staff Assistant.

Oldham County 4-H Dates to Remember

The following Oldham County 4-H articles printed in the Fall 2017 edition of the quarterly Oldham County Extension newsletter.

Fall Oldham County 4-H Dates

District 3 Teen Council Meeting

The District 3 Teen Council Meeting will be held from 10:00 a.m. to noon on Saturday, September 16, at the Carroll County Extension Office. Oldham County 4-H’ers age 14 to 19 are welcome to attend. 4-H members will have fun meeting other teens from the district and participate in a service opportunity.

4-H Awards Night

The 2017 4-H Awards Night is the evening of Tuesday, November 21, hosted by the Leaders of the Pack 4-H Dog Club, at the John Black Community Center. Save the date!

oc 4-h awards banquet

Nominations for 4-H Awards are due by October 16. Club leaders will receive more information about the awards in their club packets. 4-H Awards to be granted during the Awards Banquet will include the Ten Year, 100 Ribbon Club, 250 Ribbon Club, Achievement, Horse Level Books, Club Secretary Book, and the Community Service awards.

The applications for the Oldham County Outstanding 4-H Member Award for junior and senior members are available online.

Shooting Sports Coaches Certification

Are you interested in becoming a 4-H Shooting Sports coach? Plan on attending the certification workshop at the Kentucky Leadership Center in Jabez, Kentucky! Designed to familiarize coaches with National Shooting Sports materials, covered topics include the role of shooting sports in 4-H, productive club meetings, teaching resources, how to teach safety, and information on state competition. A workshop will be held for 4-H coaches seeking their first 4-H Certification on October 6 through 8 at Lake Cumberland 4-H Education Center. For more information about the workshop, please contact the extension office before September 8.

oldham county 4-h shooting sports

Be The Next Emerald Award Winner

The Achievement Program provides the opportunity to receive scholarships to Teen Conference, 4-H Congress, and even college. You can get started in the Achievement Program in sixth grade and continue throughout the rest of your 4-H career. Call today to schedule an individual or club work session to start your Achievement Application. Now is the time get started, Oldham County 4-H!

Learn more about the Achievement Program on our website. All Achievement applications are due to the extension office by October 16.

4-H Club Leader Meeting

Club enrollment packets will be provided to all Oldham County 4-H club leaders at 6:30 p.m. on Tuesday, September 5, at the extension office. If you are a club leader, please plan on attending this extremely important meeting to receive your club enrollment materials. Every club needs to have a representative. If you cannot attend, please send a volunteer from your club. Please do not use enrollments forms used in the past. All enrollment forms for new and returning members are due to the extension office by November 1.

Kentucky Volunteer Forum

The 2018 Kentucky Volunteer Forum will be held February 9 through 11, 2018 at the Hyatt Regency in Lexington. The theme of the event will be “Rolling Out the Green Carpet for Volunteers.” Contact Kelly Woods, Oldham County 4-H Agent, via (502) 222-9453 or kwoods@uky.edu for information on workshops and registration.

oc 4h volunteers

Registration is due to the extension office by December 1. Nominations for awards to be presented at the forum are due by October 1. Further information will be included in the leader packets at the club leader meeting on September 5.

Written by Amy Logsdon, Oldham County 4-H Assistant; and Lauren State Fernandez, Oldham County Extension Staff Assistant.

How to Join an Oldham County 4-H Club

The following Oldham County 4-H article printed in the Fall 2017 edition of the quarterly Oldham County Extension newsletter.

Oldham County 4-H Clubs

Oldham County 4-H offers a variety of clubs that explore different project areas. Joining a club is a great way to learn new skills and make friends with others who share your interests. If you are interested in joining one of our current clubs, please contact the leader about joining. Most of our clubs meet once a month.

oc 4h horse club

Ballardsville High Riders 4-H Horse Club
Leader: Jean Jenkins
Contact: Jean via (502) 241-4134

Busy 4-H’ers of Oldham County
Leader: Kim Minor
Contact: Kim via minor_ks@bellsouth.net
First Meeting: September 14 at the Oldham County Extension Office, 6:30 p.m.

Cloverbud 4-H Club
Leaders: Sherry DeCuir and Karen Horton
Contact: Sherry via pharmgirlshe@aol.com

oc 4h cooking club

Delicious Delights 4-H Cooking Club
Leaders: Kim Carter and Annette Kennedy
Contact: Annette via annettekennedy@bellsouth.net
First Meeting: September 18 at the Oldham County Extension Office, 6:30 p.m.

Green Thumbs 4-H Horticulture Club
Leaders: Michael Boice and Kelly Woods
Contact: Michael via (502) 222-9453 or michael.boice@uky.edu

oc 4h dog club

Leaders of the Pack 4-H Dog Club
Leaders: Cindy Guenther and Jackie Olds
Contact: Cindy via woodedfarm@aol.com, or Jackie via knobvalley@yahoo.com
First Meeting: October 5 at the Oldham County Extension Office, 6:30 p.m.

Teen Club of Oldham County
Contact: Kelly Woods via (502) 222-9453 or kwoods@uky.edu
First Meeting: September 11 at the Oldham County Extension Office, 6:00 p.m.

Written by Amy Logsdon, Oldham County 4-H Assistant; and Lauren State Fernandez, Oldham County Extension Staff Assistant.

Tips for Healthier Tailgating

The following Family & Consumer Science article printed in the Fall 2017 edition of the quarterly Oldham County Extension newsletter.

oldham county fall news

Healthier Tailgating

Football season is here! Across the state, many Kentuckians will mark the season by getting out their tastiest tailgating recipes and firing up the grill. Unfortunately, some tailgating favorites like hamburgers, hot dogs, chicken wings, and potato chips can cause you to pack on the pounds while cheering for your team. Consider the tips below to help you make healthier choices this season.

  • Include vegetables in the game plan. Cut them up and serve them with a low-fat dip or hummus. You can also grill them and serve as a side to your main course.
  • Grill leaner meats like ground turkey, pork or chicken breasts for main courses.
  • Choose water whenever possible. Alcohol and sugar-sweetened beverages contain a lot of calories and won’t quench your thirst on those hot weekends that are typical of late summer and early fall.
  • Substitute fresh salsa and either pita bread or baked chips for nachos and cheese. Below is a Plate It Up recipe for a healthier salsa option.
  • Use lean beef or ground turkey to make chili.
  • Serve a fruit-based dessert like fruit kabobs or fruit salad.

More healthy recipes and ideas that use local ingredients are available through Plate It Up! Kentucky Proud, a partnership of the University of Kentucky Cooperative Extension Service and Kentucky Department of Agriculture. They are available online or by contacting the Oldham County Extension office.

healthy recipes

Cucumber, Corn and Bean Salsa

Ingredients:

  • 2-3 large cucumbers
  • 2 tomatoes
  • 1 yellow bell pepper
  • 1 small red onion
  • 1/4 cup chopped fresh cilantro
  • 1/2 cup black beans
  • 1/2 cup fresh whole kernel corn, cooked
  • 1 ounce package dry ranch dressing mix
  • 1/8 cup cider vinegar
  • 2 tablespoons sugar, optional

Yield: Makes 20, ½-cup servings

Directions: Wash all vegetables. Finely chop cucumbers, tomatoes, pepper, and onion. Combine in a large mixing bowl with chopped cilantro. Drain and rinse beans and add to chopped vegetables. Add corn. If using canned corn instead of fresh, drain off liquid prior to adding to vegetables. In a small bowl, mix together ranch dressing packet, vinegar, and sugar. Pour dressing over vegetables and mix well. Serve immediately or refrigerate until chilled.

Nutritional Analysis: 50 calories, 0 g fat, 130 mg sodium, 7 g carbohydrates, 2 g fiber, 70% Daily Value of Vitamin C, 6% Daily Value of Vitamin A

Written by Janet Mullins, University of Kentucky Extension Professor. Edited by Lauren State Fernandez, Oldham County Extension Staff Assistant.

Invitation from the OC Homemakers

The following Family & Consumer Science articles printed in the Fall 2017 edition of the quarterly Oldham County Extension newsletter.

autumn colors craft show

Autumn Colors Craft Show

From 10:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. on Saturday, September 30, stop by the Autumn Colors Craft Show at the LaGrange Community Center. Visit artisans, shop for holiday gifts, enjoy local culinary arts, and support homemaker activities in Oldham County.

Come Sew With Us

Master Clothing Volunteer Angela Morris has prepared a new and exciting schedule for this year’s sewing classes. Come Sew With Us between 3:00 and 8:00 p.m. on the following Mondays:

  • “Pillow Cases & More” on September 25
  • “Just Stuff It” on October 23
  • “Holiday Ideas” on November 13

oc sewing class

Keep watch for supply lists on our website: oldham.ca.uky.edu/sewing. To sign up for the fall series of sewing classes, contact the extension office via (502) 222-9453 or crivera@uky.edu.

2017 Holiday Showcase

Join us on memory lane for An Old Fashioned Holiday, when life was simpler, and toys and decorations were handmade. Reminisce with us your childhood memories and the stories our grandparents told. Enjoy the delicious aromas coming from the kitchen: cinnamon, cookies, pies, and cakes baking, cider simmering on the stove, and the scent of cedar and pine cone decorations. We will also make a toy to take home.

An Old Fashioned Holiday takes place at 10:00 a.m. on Thursday, November 2, at the Oldham County Extension Office.

Homemaker Lessons

Shelby County FCS Agent Shelia Fawbush presents Dealing Creatively With Conflict at 10:00 a.m. on Thursday, September 28. Not always negative, conflict can help keep organizations growing and also provide personal growth opportunities. Successful conflict resolution relies on understanding how to utilize the correct conflict response in each situation as well as removing barriers.

At 10:00 a.m. on Thursday, October 26, Valerie Holland, Jefferson County FCS Agent, introduces Today’s Toaster Oven, a popular household appliance since the 50’s. Gain insights on purchase, use, and care. Review the advantages and challenges, and take home recipes.

oc homemakers lesson

Written by Chris Duncan, Oldham County Family & Consumer Science Agent; and Lauren State Fernandez, Oldham County Extension Staff Assistant.