Youth Heart Disease Information

youth heart disease info

Heart Disease

Youth Health Bulletin

Have you ever heard that someone you know has heart disease? It is a very common illness, and in fact, more than 60 million Americans have it. Wally Cat wants to make sure you know what heart disease is and how you can take care of your heart.

What is Heart Disease?

Heart disease is also known as cardiovascular disease. As you may have guessed, a person who has heart disease has problems with their heart and blood vessels — they are not working the way they should.

There are many problems that people with heart disease have, such as high blood pressure and chest pains. People with heart disease are also more likely to have heart attacks and strokes. A heart attack is when there is a blockage of blood flow to the heart. This means that the heart is not getting the blood that is needed for it to work properly. A stroke is when a place in the brain is not getting enough blood.

Other Problems for People With Heart Disease

  • The arteries get hard, making it more difficult to move blood through the body.
  • An area of fat and cholesterol builds up, making the passageway for blood narrower. This makes it harder for blood to get to the body.

Can You Catch Heart Disease?

Heart disease is not an illness that is spreads by germs like a cold! There are risk factors that can increase a person’s chances of getting heart disease. Some of the risk factors cannot be controlled, such as getting older and having other people in the family with the disease. There are some risk factors that can be controlled, such as smoking, having high blood pressure, being overweight, or not exercising enough.

How Do You Prevent Heart Disease?

There are ways you can start to prevent heart disease even at your age. You can watch out for some of the risk factors like high blood pressure, obesity, and physical inactivity. As a child, you can watch what you eat and how much you are active.

youth heart disease information

Try to eat lots of fruits and vegetables — and if they are fresh, even better! Also, you should try to be as active as you can. Throughout the day, you should be active for at least an hour. You also want to be aware of how much time you are sitting in front of a screen, whether it is the TV, computer, tablet, or phone. This type of activity has little to no physical activity.

Fun ways to be physically active include:

  • Riding your bike. You might be able to go for a bike ride in your neighborhood or at a nearby park.
  • Swimming. Join a swim team through your school or community. The Oldham County YMCA has an indoor pool so you can stay active even during winter.
  • Walking your dog. Physical activity is good for you and Fido too!

Wally Cat wants you to know about heart disease because it affects so many people. He also wants you to start good habits to protect your heart, such as eating healthy and staying active.

Written by Nicole Peritore, Kentucky Extension Specialist for Family Health. Edited by Connee Wheeler, Senior Extension Specialist, and Lauren State, Oldham County Extension Staff Assistant. Source material from the Centers for Disease Control. Wally Cat illustrations by Chris Ware (© University of Kentucky School of Human Environmental Sciences).

Get Your Kids to Eat Their Veggies

get kids to eat veggies

Getting Children to Eat Their Veggies

Do you hear “I don’t like vegetables!” during family dinner? According to research from the American Academy for Science and the Centers for Disease Control, children turn up their noses at vegetables because parents have not made them readily available. Let’s face it, few children will take the time to wash a head of broccoli or cauliflower, break the pieces apart, serve them up on a plate, and then eat them.

Parents can increase the chances that their children will eat a particular vegetable if it is in a small container or individual plastic bag in the refrigerator. This makes vegetables an easy snack option for children to choose themselves.

get kids eating veggies

Children form food habits at an early age. Research shows a correlation between picky children and picky adults. It is important for parents to introduce good eating habits in children when they are young. It is, however, never too late to start.

Tips to Get Children to Eat Vegetables

Be a role model. Offer vegetables to children by eating them yourself. Let children approach them on their own.

Set some rules. Children usually will accept vegetables in an environment where parents set appropriate rules. For example, it is okay to tell your child they need to taste a vegetable before they decide they do not like it.

Stay positive. Using strategies such as punishment, threats, force, or even offering the child a reward have been shown to be unsuccessful ways of teaching children to eat vegetables. Vegetables should be offered in a relaxed environment.

Don’t give up. Keep offering the vegetables. It might be helpful to offer the vegetable to the child in different ways or mixing the vegetable with other foods. Many parents throw in the towel after the child refuses a vegetable the first time, but understand that children generally have a fear of new foods. It may take about eight to ten tries with a vegetable before your child is ready to taste it. In addition, it may take a lot more tasting before your child gets to the point where he or she likes the vegetable. Be patient as your child experiences new foods.

Be creative. Offer children vegetables in different forms (cooked, raw, and mixed with other foods) before you decide they do not like them.

Be flexible. Children vary in how much they eat and what they like. Each child is an individual. Do not have predetermined ways in which your child should eat or accept vegetables.

Be reasonable. Keep in mind that vegetable servings for children are smaller than vegetable servings for adults. A general guideline is one tablespoon of vegetable for each year of life. Do not have unrealistic expectations for your child.

Give options. Offer a variety of vegetables at a particular meal. This allows children to be able to choose a vegetable they like.

get your children to get their vegetables

Take Action: Make it Happen

Vegetables offers protection from many diseases, and thanks to the vitamins and minerals they provide, improves your child’s health. It is important for children to eat the recommended amount of vegetables daily.

Parents, try these tricks to make vegetables more enticing to your children:

  • Offer vegetables daily. Children will not eat vegetables if parents do not cook and serve them.
  • Let children pick out a vegetable of the week at the grocery store.
  • Make vegetables easy for children to grab and eat. Have ready to eat vegetable snacks in small bags in the refrigerator.
  • Set out a plate of vegetables with dip before dinner or when children get home from school.
  • Prepare vegetables in a way in which they are tender but crisp. Children tend to dislike mushy vegetables and many prefer raw vegetables for this reason.
  • Include two vegetables at dinner; try offering both cooked and raw vegetables. This allows children to have a choice of vegetable they want to eat.
  • Add lettuce leaves to sandwiches.
  • Add blended vegetables such as spinach to spaghetti sauce, soups, and casserole. It is a good idea to blend or cut up the vegetable finely before adding it to spaghetti sauce. Children may not even notice the vegetable is there.
  • Make food fun. Let children create funny faces or animals with cut up vegetables.
  • Let children help prepare vegetable recipes; they generally enjoy what they have made.
  • Allow kids to make their own salad. Put out small bowls of baby carrots, cherry tomatoes, shredded leaf lettuce, raisins, fruit, and crunch noodles. They love the feeling of control that comes from doing it themselves.
  • Try heirloom vegetables. Kids get excited about interesting vegetables. Take your children to a farmer’s market and have them pick out the heirlooms they would like to try.

getting kids to eat veggies

Written by Ingrid Adams, Nutrition and Food Science Extension Specialist; Mallory Foster, Family and Consumer Sciences graduate student; and Lauren State, Oldham County Extension Staff Assistant.

Whooping Cough Fact Sheet

Pertussis (Whooping Cough)

You may have heard about the cases of whooping cough in Lexington. Although most persons you may meet are vaccinated against the illness, it is important to be aware of whooping cough, its symptoms, and treatment.

Pertussis, commonly known as whooping cough, is a respiratory illness. It is very contagious. Pertussis vaccines are the most effective tool to prevent this illness, but like all vaccines, it is not 100% effective. This means that if whooping cough has been going through the community, there is still a chance that a fully vaccinated person can catch the illness. If a person has been vaccinated, however, the infection is usually not as bad for him or her.

Whooping cough spreads from person to person through coughing, sneezing, or even being in close proximity to someone with the illness. Many people are infected with whooping cough by siblings, parents, or caregivers who do not even know they have the illness. Symptoms of the illness usually begin within five to ten days after being exposed but could take up to three weeks to manifest.

Whooping Cough Symptoms

There are two stages of symptoms for whooping cough: early stage and late stage.

Early stage symptoms

(First 1 to 2 weeks)

  • Runny nose
  • Low-grade fever (generally minimal throughout the course of the disease)
  • Mild, occasional cough
  • Apnea (pause in breathing) in babies

Late stage symptoms

(The traditional symptoms people associate with whooping cough)

  • Fits of many, rapid coughs followed by a high-pitched “whoop” on the inhale
  • Vomiting (throwing up) during or after coughing fits
  • Exhaustion after coughing fits

Pertussis Symptoms for Babies

Symptoms for babies are very different from older children and adults. Babies might not even have a cough or it could be a slight cough. They are also likely to show apnea (a long pause in breathing). This illness is very dangerous for babies. Information about babies who have the illness shows that about 50% of babies under one year need care in the hospital.

What to Do if Seeing Symptoms

If a school age child is showing symptoms, he or she should stay home from school and visit a healthcare provider. You should take your child to a healthcare provider even if he or she has been vaccinated. If your child has whooping cough, he or she will need to stay out of school until all antibiotics have been taken.

If a person in your home has whooping cough, the healthcare provider may recommend that others in the home also take an antibiotic to prevent the spread of the illness.

Pertussis, also known as whooping cough, is a contagious respiratory illness. Be on the watch for symptoms for you and your family and visit a healthcare provider should you think someone may have the illness.

Written by Nicole Peritore, Kentucky Extension Specialist for Family Health. Edited by Lauren State, Oldham County Extension Staff Assistant. Source material from the Centers for Disease Control.

Support OC 4-H

The following 4-H Youth Development articles printed in the Spring 2017 edition of the quarterly Oldham County Extension newsletter.

Reality Store Volunteers Needed

The 4-H Reality Store program is a budgeting simulation for high school students. Reality Stores will be held on March 31 at South Oldham High School and on May 5 at Oldham County High School.

oc 4h reality store

We still need volunteers to make these events possible. If you can help out on either day, please contact the extension office at 222-9453.

Support the Kentucky Ag Tag Program

The Kentucky 4-H Foundation is proud to be part of the Ag Tag Voluntary Donation Program. When renewing their license plates, Kentucky farmers can make a $10 donation which is split equally among Kentucky 4-H, FFA, and Kentucky Proud. This year is the fifth year for the program and the 4-H Foundation asks all farmers to make the donation when they renew their farm license plates in March.

kentucky 4-h donations

The 4-H share for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2016, was $184,237. These funds benefit all levels of Kentucky 4-H. The Kentucky 4-H Foundation splits the donations equally between the county from which the funds originated and the Foundation itself. The Foundation uses its half to support state level programs. The other half of the Ag Tag donation stays in Oldham County to fund programs and activities that teach youth about leadership, citizenship, science and technology, communications, public speaking, agriculture, and much more.

Spring OC 4-H News

The following 4-H Youth Development articles printed in the Spring 2017 edition of the quarterly Oldham County Extension newsletter.

Attention: 4-H Participation Forms Due

Please do not forget all 4-H members must be registered with Oldham County 4-H by April 15, 2017 in order to qualify to compete in any 4-H events. This requirement applies to all 4-H competitions including Horse Show, Horse Contest, and Dog Show as well as the Oldham County 4-H Fair.

State 4-H Achievement Award Winners Announced

Congratulations to the following Oldham County 4-H members for earning State Achievement Awards:

Bronze Award
Maggie Anderson
Keirstin Kennedy
Emmett King
Ruby Mason
Coral Schulte
Ethan Willis

Silver Award
Noah Anderson
Beth Huffman

Gold Level Interviews
Hannah Anderson
Sarah Griffin
Molly Logsdon
Olivia Minor
Karmen Woods

Gold Level Interviews will be held on Saturday, March 4, in Clark County. Interviewing is the final step of the Gold Level Achievement Award. Gold Level Honorees will be announced the second week of March.

oc 4h dog club

Upcoming 4-H Dog Program Dates

Take your dog to camp. Dog Camp is the perfect opportunity for 4-H’ers to work with their dogs one-on-one and in group instruction situations. The 2017 Kentucky State 4-H Dog Camp will be held at J.M. Feltner 4-H Camp from May 19 to 21. If you would like to receive registration information, contact the Oldham County Extension office at 222-9453, and we will send the information to you when it becomes available.

The 4-H Dog Volunteer Certification Program will be available twice this fall. Volunteers can attend training on September 23 at McCracken County Extension office or November 4 at Wolfe County Extension office.

Qualifying for Competitive 4-H Horse Events

4-H members who would like to qualify to participate in any 4-H Competitive Horse Event (this includes 4-H Horse Shows) must complete six hours of instructional training taught or approved by their 4-H Certified Horse Club Leader. Please meet with your leader now to ensure completion of the six required hours of instruction prior to April 15th. Documentation must accompany your registration or show paperwork.

oc 4h horse club

Note upcoming competition 4-H horse events. The District 4-H Horse Show will be held June 2-4. State Horse Judging is June 14 with the State Horse Contest on June 15. The State Horse Show will be July 2-8.

Start Thinking About the Oldham County Fair

The 2017 Oldham County Fair will be August 1-5. Projects will be entered on July 27 at the Oldham County Extension office and will be available for pick up on August 5 at the Oldham County fairgrounds. Registration forms are due to the extension office by July 6. Remember, to be eligible to exhibit projects in the 4-H categories during the county fair, youth must be a registered 4-H member by April 15. Fairbook available online. Note major changes in Arts & Crafts and Photography categories.

4-H Speech Program

The following 4-H Youth Development article printed in the Spring 2017 edition of the quarterly Oldham County Extension newsletter.

oc 4h speech

4-H Speech Program Inspires Confidence

Public speaking is often one of our biggest fears. 4-H presents the opportunity for youth to conquer this fear at a young age by participating in the public speaking program. Public speaking skills help youth develop the confidence, organizational skills, and composure to become the influential leaders of tomorrow.

It is important for young people to give 4-H public speaking a try. The earlier children begin the program, and the longer they stick with it, the stronger their public speaking skills will be. Youth are encouraged to deliver speeches on any topic they find interesting. The search for more information on the topic promotes valuable research skills. Composing the speech with proper structure teaches organizational skills. Young speakers also learn to use creative techniques to grab their audience’s attention.

Competition begins at the club level, qualifying for the county competition on March 27. County winners advance to the April 15th district tournament. District champions advance to the state tournament in July at the University of Kentucky. Judges evaluate presentation and ability to clearly deliver a message.

It’s not too late to get involved in a 4-H speech program! Call 222-9453 for details. Speakers can register online.

HELP!! We need judges for the 4-H Communication Competitions on March 27 and April 15. Interested in volunteering to judge a speech or demonstration contest? Please contact Kelly Woods, Oldham County 4-H Agent, at 222-9453. We need your help to make this a rewarding experience for our 4-H’ers!

Winter Oldham County 4-H News

The following 4-H Youth Development articles printed in the quarterly Oldham County Extension newsletter.

Achievement Award Recipients Recognized at 4-H Banquet

The 4-H Achievement Program recognizes members beginning in the sixth grade. The application is a detailed resume of the member’s 4-H and community involvement. Scholarships are available at each state level achieved. Congratulations to the following 4-H members who have completed a Clover Achievement Level:

Clover Level 1
Adelle Minor
Caroline Olds
Izzy Perez

Clover Level 2
Rebekah Anderson
Lilly Crook
Ella Olds

Clover Level 3
Maggie Anderson
Keirstin Kennedy
Emmett King
Ruby Mason
Coral Schulte
Ethan Willis

Clover Level 4
Noah Anderson

Clover Level 5
Rebekah Degnan
Beth Huffman
Olivia Minor

Interviewing for the Gold Award
Hannah Anderson
Sarah Griffin
Molly Logsdon
Olivia Minor
Karmen Woods

Those members who achieved Clover Level Three, Four, or Five will advance to the state level for judging. Good luck, 4-H’ers!

Santa’s Workshop 2016

4-h santa's workshop

Moms and Dads, do you need a little bit more time to get those last few presents wrapped or to shop for the last gift on your list? If so, send your kids to the extension office to have some fun and make gifts they can give to their friends and family.

Santa’s Workshop will be held at the Oldham County Extension office on Monday, December 19, from 10:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. We will make holiday gifts for friends and family. The $25 supply fee includes lunch. Open to boys and girls ages 8 to 12. Call 222-9453 to register.

4-H Communications Program Gets Underway in January

Youth develop organizational and critical thinking skills by learning the logical way to prepare a speech or present information through a demonstration. Competitive events give youth the opportunity to practice what they have learned and receive positive, constructive suggestions to improve.

Standing up and delivering a speech or presentation develops independence and confidence in youth. These experiences help youth overcome the fear of speaking in public. Members know that success is due to their preparation and presentation skills. Speaking in front of a large group or only a few individuals with ease gives people a sense of belonging and the opportunity to bond with other youth and adults. Many doors are opened in terms of personal friendships and professional advancement.

After mastering skills, gaining independence, and developing a sense of belonging, youth want to share what they’ve learned. They may initiate and lead a service project in the community or help their peers in various other ways. Generosity such as this is an innate part of all aspects of our 4-H Youth Development program.

A broad range of communications expertise is vital for today’s youth and tomorrow’s adults. 4-H Youth Development helps youth improve their quality of speech and association with others, whether one-on-one in a job interview or a keynote address in a banquet hall. Contact the Oldham County 4-H office at 222-9453 or amy.logsdon@uky.edu if your child is interested in participating in the 4-H Communication Program.

Source: Dr. Mark Mains, Kentucky 4-H Youth Development Assistant Director.

Attention Horse Club Members

In order to qualify for participation in any 4-H Competitive Horse Event, including 4-H horse shows, 4-H’ers must complete 6 hours of instruction taught by their 4-H Certified Horse Club Leader. The 6 instructional hours must be completed before April 15th and be documented by the Certified Horse Club Leader.

Please meet with your 4-H Certified Horse Club Leader now to ensure you will have your completed and documented 6 hours of instruction prior to April 15th. Members must also have their 4-H enrollment form submitted to the extension office on April 15th. Documentation of hours completed must accompany your registration or show paperwork.

4-H Thankful for Volunteers

The following 4-H Youth Development article printed in the quarterly Oldham County Extension newsletter.

4-h fun volunteers

4-H is Thankful for our Volunteers

Now is the time of the year when many of us reflect on all of the things for which we are grateful. In Oldham County 4-H, one of the things we are most grateful for is the volunteer support. Our volunteers are leaders, cheerleaders, mentors, and advocates for our youth. It is with their help and service that many young people find their voice or passion and become healthy, capable, caring, and productive adults.

Volunteers assist by leading club meetings, serving as camp counselors, judging speech and demonstration contests, and utilizing their unique interests, skills and abilities to serve the 4-H program and extend it to audiences which would otherwise be unserved. In the process, our volunteers shape future leaders by demonstrating leadership skills, instilling a sense of community, and offering a positive connection with someone from a different age group or generation.

4-h sewing volunteers

Whether they serve episodically or for many years, volunteers are a valuable and essential component of 4-H. Without their help, most 4-H programs would be impossible to deliver. While they do not serve for praise or recognition, many volunteers get a great deal of fulfillment, self-satisfaction, and enjoyment out of volunteer service, as they watch youth develop self-confidence, self-worth, and leadership skills.

4-h cooking volunteers

If you are a volunteer, thank you for all that you do. If you are interested in more information about learning how to volunteer with the Oldham County 4-H program, contact the extension office at 222-9453.

4-h engineering volunteers

Source: Ken Culp, District III, Principal Extension Specialist for Volunteerism, 4-H Youth Development

Oldham Farms Host Events

The following Agriculture and Natural Resources articles printed in the quarterly Oldham County Extension newsletter.

Recent Events on Oldham County Farms

oldham county land judging

Oldham County Hosts 4-H Land Judging

The State 4-H Land Judging Contest was held in Oldham County on August 19 at Jim Pearce’s farm. Around 100 students from all across Kentucky participated in the contest. Land judging is a way of appraising the physical nature and capability of soils. Skills learned in land judging transfer into careers for many students; the knowledge learned is used everyday by farmers, home builders, road builders, and conservationists. Thank you to the Pearce family for hosting this fun, educational event for Kentucky’s youth.

oldham ky land judging

2016 Regional Beef Field Day

On September 27, Oldham County Cattlemen’s President Maynard Stetten hosted UK Extension’s Regional Beef Field Day at his farm. 250 producers from the Louisville area attended and learned about Heavy Use Feeding Areas and Other Conservation Practices; Handling Facilities and Working Cattle in Reduced Stress Environments; and Antibiotics Regulation Changes (Veterinary Feed Directive). District Conservationist Kurt Mason, UK Extension Veterinarian Michelle Arnold, and UK Beef Specialist Darrh Bullock educated farmers about these practices, and Dr. Stetten told participants about his registered Angus cattle operation during a tour of the farm.

2016 regional beef field day

This annual field day is a cooperative effort of Extension agents and beef producers in the Louisville area and is supported by local Cattlemen’s Associations. Thanks to the Stettens for hosting this event.

regional beef field day

Financial Tips for Single Parents

single parent finance tips

Tips for Financial Success

Managing finances as a single parent can be difficult. Single parents are faced all at once with the tasks of adjusting to one income, creating and maintaining a budget, and planning for their financial future. As a result, single parents may often feel overwhelmed when it comes to managing their finances. The following tips can help you create a financial plan to help you and your family be financially successful.

Create a Budget that Works for You

Developing a monthly plan for your money is important. Make a list of all sources of income as well as your monthly expenses. Be certain to include an expense category for emergencies to work toward building an emergency fund.

Elizabeth makes enough money each month to cover her bills and spend a little extra on herself and her kids. When her car needed new tires, however, the expense was a little higher than expected, so she paid with credit. To help with future emergencies, Elizabeth setup an automatic withdrawal from her checking account into her savings account every two weeks.

Ask for Help

Asking for help can be hard. Sometimes, however, it is the best thing that you can do for you and your family. Many communities offer resources geared toward single parents that can help you figure out how you may best manage your finances and time. Friends and family are also great resources.

A single mother of two, Jessica asks her stepmother to help watch the girls on occasion. Time to herself helps Jessica catch up on housework and errands, and her stepmother enjoys time with the granddaughters.

Pay Your Bills On Time

While this may seem like common sense, being on top of everything can be overwhelming for someone becoming a single parent, and deadlines can get lost in the chaos. Paying your bills on time will guarantee that you keep your credit score in good standing and avoid late fees. Automatic payments set up through your banking institution are a great option for single parents.

Overwhelmed by staggered deadlines, Scott missed several credit card payments in a row, causing his credit score to drop. A friend suggested setting up automatic payments online and using the notifications feature on his phone to help him remember to check that he had enough money in his bank account before a payment was due to go out.

single mom finances

Keep Extra Costs Under Control

One of the hardest changes for single parents to make is cutting back on extra costs. It is important that you explain to your children that the new family budget may mean that you are unable to participate in some activities that you were once able to. A weekly family night at the movie theater may not be possible, but you can be creative and bring family movie night to your house.

To make entertainment costs more manageable, Alex cancelled cable and opted for Netflix instead. The online streaming service is cheaper and still allows his family to enjoy Friday movie nights.

Protect Your Children

Making sure that you and your family are insured can have a huge impact on your financial security. Health insurance helps insure that an unexpected injury or illness will not ruin your finances while life insurance will help financially protect your children in the event of your death.

Protect Yourself

Parents often focus on saving for their children’s future. It is just as important to save for your future financial goals and retirement. A financial adviser can guide you in the right direction, explaining the many different options with you.

financial savings

Educational programs of Kentucky Cooperative Extension serve all people regardless of economic or social status and will not discriminate on the basis of race, color, ethnic origin, national origin, creed, religion, political belief, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression, pregnancy, marital status, genetic information, age, veteran status, or physical or mental disability.

Written by Jennifer L. Hunter, Kentucky Extension Specialist for Family Financial Management; Kristyn Jackson, LMFT, Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Family Sciences; and Lauren State, Oldham County Extension Staff Assistant.